Cooper is not convinced that the amount of homework assigned to children has gone up substantially over the years. Parents, he says, have been bemoaning homework for the last century. Challenge Success, a nonprofit group at the Stanford University School of Education, recently reviewed the body of research on homework and found that the data on the effects of homework time is inconclusive.
But anecdotally, many parents say the amount of homework their kids are currently doing is excessive and takes a toll. My son in fifth-grade has a minimum of two-and-a-half hours of homework, with reading time included.
Lori Harris, a mother of two, finds that some homework is meaningful and can help children plan and organize. But she, too, says the amount of work is excessive. The growing concern and debate over homework has prompted some school districts to re-evaluate their policies. When the 15,student Pleasanton Unified School District in the San Francisco Bay Area received complaints from parents, particularly those of middle-school students, it dusted off its largely ignored homework policy, and administrators, teachers and parents worked for more than a year to change it.
The new policy that resulted has been in place for a year now; it strongly discourages weekend and holiday homework for elementary-school students and limits homework assignments for middle- and high-school students to five nights a week, though they can choose to do it over the weekend. The policy also encourages better coordination of assignments and tests among teachers at the middle- and high-school levels and sets time guidelines per grade — following the minute rule in elementary school, 15 minutes per class period in middle school or up to one hour and 45 minutes a night and 20 minutes per class period in high school or up to two hours a night.
Is it necessary and is it worthwhile? Still, she says, the time limits agreed upon are more than she would have liked, and more than she thinks the research supports. Beyond Pleasanton, school districts from Swampscott, Mass. Some have scrapped traditional homework assignments for free reading or optional assignments. A meaningful homework assignment is open to interpretation, by teachers, parents and students. According to multiple sources, sleep is essential for success in the classroom.
With lots of homework, students generally sleep less because of how late they have to stay up to finish their assignments. Also, studies show that homework leads to boredom in the class, which means students learn less every day. In addition to boredom and a lack of energy, parents often confuse younger kids by teaching them methods that oppose to the curriculum taught at school.
There have been multiple teachers that have put a no homework policy into effect sometime throughout the past three years. Finally, less homework gives students time for after-school activities such as sports, music, and much more.
Nowadays, almost everyone, talented or not, participates in some after school activity. A Duke professor named Harris Cooper found a positive correlation between homework and student achievement. Cooper also found out that the correlation was much stronger for older students that were at least in seventh grade. For younger students, the relationship between homework and performance was much weaker.
The study showed that not only does homework help grades, but it can also help study habits, attitudes toward school, self-discipline, inquisitiveness, and independent problem-solving skills. Things change in high school. Most studies involving high school students suggest that students who do homework achieve at a higher rate. Based on his research, Cooper suggests this rule of thumb: In other words, Grade 1 students should do a maximum of 10 minutes of homework per night, Grade 2 students, 20 minutes, and so on.
Expecting academic students in Grade 12 to occasionally do two hours of homework in the evening—especially when they are studying for exams, completing a major mid-term project or wrapping up end-of-term assignments—is not unreasonable.
But insisting that they do two hours of homework every night is expecting a bit much. Research suggests that homework benefits high school students most in the following situations:. While the debate continues, one thing remains clear: For that reason, assigning students some homework can be beneficial. However, how much homework a child should do and how often are questions that can be answered only after taking into account the unique needs of the child and his or her learning style, goals and challenges.
The Case Against Homework:
Sep 23, · For high school students, the positive line continues to climb until between 90 minutes and 2½ hours of homework a night, after which returns diminish. Beyond achievement, proponents of homework argue that it can have many other beneficial effects. They claim it can help students develop good study habits so they are ready to grow as their cognitive capacities mature.
The average high school student doing homework outperformed 69% of the students in a class with no homework. Homework in middle school was half as effective. In elementary school, there is no measurable correlation between homework and achievement. Despite all the research, homework remains something of a mystery.
Oct 26, · Nothing quite inspires fear in the mind of a student as much as the phrase, “Wait, we had homework?” Homework—while often dreaded by students and teachers alike—is an idea which has undoubtedly been powerfully integrated into the education system. One question is being asked over and over again—does homework really help students perform better in. For younger students, the relationship between homework and performance was much weaker. The study showed that not only does homework help grades, but it can also help study habits, attitudes toward school, self-discipline, inquisitiveness, and independent problem-solving skills.
Does Homework Help or Hurt? Posted by Jason Przypek, Editor on Monday, November 17, then they are going to hold students’ feet to the fire by heaping on the homework in the hopes that students and parents will pick up whatever slack is left from incomplete mastery in the classroom. Missing or late homework assignments are punished with. Writing for students primary homework help tudors homework help tudor clothes does homework help or hurt tudors primary homework help. Students may have to get a job to help support their family, affecting the hours they sleep and work on their homework.