This course offers you an innovative, disciplined and intellectually challenging framework for studying issues and perspectives within international relations. You will consider various aspects of international order and politics, including the dynamics of international social and political power relationships and conflicts, and state building.
These topics are studied comparatively in relation to governmental, political and social processes, and in the contexts of various historical continuities, discontinuities and contrasts.
You must choose four modules from the list of option modules one of your options may be an approved free choice module hosted by another Masters course. This module analyses the theory and the practice involved in giving international content to universal values and aspirations today. Part I analyses how two central tenets of realism have come under question: Part II considers the rights of the individual in the international sphere, focusing on humanitarian assistance and human rights.
Part III traces the impact of new international practices to extend democracy, and Part IV analyses the recent developments in international justice and law. You will receive supervised guidance and research methods training through a series of research method workshops, the Dissertation induction and colloquium seminars, and individual Dissertation supervision sessions to prepare you for your Masters Dissertation on an agreed research topic.
You will begin identifying your Dissertation interests at the start of your studies, when you will be able to discuss your ideas with different tutors who may direct you towards taking appropriate option modules that support your future research studies.
This module must be taken either following the completion of all other modules, or concurrently with modules in your second semester. This module charts the development of International Relations IR as an academic discipline, locating the dominant theoretical perspectives within their historical and political contexts.
The central theme is the analysis of how a broad range of theories reflect changes in the subject of IR theory — the sovereign state. It looks at the role of theory in IR, the historical development of the discipline, and focuses on competing theories. A central aim of the module is to familiarise you with the rich debate within the discipline and allow you to make up your own mind about your choice of theories.
It is therefore particularly suitable if you have no previous background in IR. This module focuses on post-Cold War United States foreign and national security policies, and the US policy-making processes.
It exposes you to competing interpretations of both policy and the policy-making process. The module examines key issues and debates in democratic politics. The module identifies some of the challenges confronting democratic theory and practice, and it examines differences between old and new democracies. Throughout the module special emphasis is given to the dynamics of democratic institution and democratic renewal.
Your main focus throughout this module will be on the domestic and international politics of China and India, and on empirical examples of the global change characterised by the predicted rise of these two non-Western states. The aim will be to go beyond the news headlines to develop a scholarly and critical understanding of the emerging great powers. This offers you an opportunity to train in international relations and recognise, understand, and deal with the changes in the global political landscape.
This module aims at evaluating the relevance of contemporary debates in international relations and political economy to the study of energy security, energy markets and climate change. It examines the political history of the modern energy systems and the role played by states and major private and state-owned companies. In addition, it explores the role of global institutions and their impact on the interplay between energy security, energy markets and climate change.
The module also critically assesses standard approaches to the issue of energy security by focusing on the problem of energy poverty and resilience. Drawing on comparative politics and international political economy, shifts in the roles of state, civil society and economy will be investigated, as will their political and governmental implications.
You will explore the EU as a polity and as a system of governance. The module offers a practice-led survey of governance issues in the EU, informed by relevant theoretical approaches.
You will cover the legal framework of the EU and the roles of member state and institutional actors in its decision-making processes; questions of institutional efficiency, accountability and the wider legitimacy of the EU; and characterisations of the EU as a polity and as a global actor. The module focuses on current debates on Middle Eastern politics from a number of perspectives, with a focus on the role of Islam. You will be introduced to a variety of theoretical approaches to studying the modern Middle East, to relevant perspectives in International Relations, to selected case studies and various contributions to the debate from inside and outside the Arab world.
A multidisciplinary approach will be adopted, where you will be steered through the fields of comparative politics, Islamic and Middle Eastern studies, and social and political theory so that at the end you will have achieved, in addition to familiarity with key issues in modern Middle Eastern politics, an appreciation of the theoretical perspectives being covered. In the process, you will be encouraged to develop a critical understanding of the workings of the region and challenged to assess the explanations given and provide your own explanations.
The module explores and compares a range of approaches to analysing and evaluating governance and policy, assessing the understandings of democracy that they imply. These approaches are introduced through a range of case studies relating to policy making in contrasting national and international contexts. You will explore the challenges of defining and delivering policy across a range of international, national and sub-national contexts, and reflect on the implications of these challenges for democracy.
The module will introduce the students to new theories and different ways of looking at the core concepts of international relations, and enable them to utilise these to understand the transformations in global politics brought about by the rise of non-Western states.
Since the s the global energy landscape that took shape in the last two decades of the twentieth century has been altered due to major geo-political and geo-economical shifts, the rise of new players in the energy sector and technological breakthroughs.
The aim of this module is to analyse the impact that these developments had on the energy security of key producing and consuming countries. It will analyse these problems by focusing on change and continuity in the decision-making processes of state and non-state actors. This module introduces you to the theoretical frameworks and practices of the politics of global complexity, the debates that have been triggered, and the way that complexity understandings have developed, especially in the s and s.
Emphasis is placed upon the conceptual frameworks deployed in understanding system effects on political, economic and social life and how these enable us to rethink democratic governance, power and agency.
While focusing on conceptual frameworks, this module also engages with how complexity is reflected in new approaches to policy, and external stakeholders will provide input to the module for example, the Social Market Foundation, Demos, the New Local Government Network and the Foreign Policy Centre. You will explore the main 20th and 21st century theories of the state and examine the different approaches to the phenomenon of violence and its causes.
The module examines the challenges arising from globalisation and will help you to grasp the new forms of antagonisms that have evolved in the new world order emerging after the collapse of the Soviet model.
For more details on course structure and modules, and how you will be taught and assessed, see the programme specification. His research interests include the Responsibility to Protect, humanitarian intervention, Kosovo, and the laws governing the use of force.
Aidan has published widely in a number of academic journals including International Security, The Journal of Peace Research and Cooperation and Conflict. Your application must be supported by a reference written on institutional notepaper by an academic familiar with your abilities. Applications from mature candidates are welcomed.
Eventually the 28 pages were released , showing how Saudi Arabia used spies to launder money to the hijackers. They provided the cash, the spies and the operatives. The American public knew all about it right from the start — yet funnily enough, Saudi Arabia never got attacked for their part, despite the fact that fellow Muslim nations did, such as Iraq , Afghanistan , Sudan, Libya and Syria just name a few. One reason for the limited understanding is that it was only after September 11 that the U.
Government began to aggressively investigate this issue. Both the released 28 pages themselves, and the idea that Saudi Arabia was wholly responsible for the attacks, are examples of a limited hangout.
Former CIA asset Osama bin Laden was fingered to take the fall, and made a great new bogeyman with a long scary beard and turban.
Saudi Arabia was a guilty group, but they were hardly the only force behind the entire operation. For that, we must turn to the next guilty group, the neocons. The criminal element on the inside are the neocons or neoconservatives which came to power with George Bush Jr.
Many neocons are Jewish or Zionist and share a lust for enforcing American supremacy at the point of a gun. The neocons were the necessary group on the inside who allowed the attacks to happen, by refusing to take action at key moments that should have been taken to prevent it. The neocons were up to their necks in crime, but the deepest level of the conspiracy can be found by examining the 3rd guilty group of The evidence is damning and piles up high.
Reporter Wayne Madsen refers to the 3 guilty parties as the troika of conspirators. The false flag attacks were obviously a huge operation and it is therefore unsurprising that so many groups were involved in its orchestration, facilitation and execution. Hopefully on this 15th anniversary of , people will take a renewed interest in this grand deception and further spread the truth about it. This article has first appeared on HumansAreFree.
Publishers can republish it only if they keep all in-article links intact, include a working link to this article not the homepage and offer proper credit to the author bio included.
Do you really doubt that Islam is not a problem wherever it grows? On September 11, , 19 arabs with box cutters and plastic knives conspired to board 4 airliners without ever showing up on the flight manifests. All 4 airlines were successfully hijacked by these conspiring arabs with mere plastic knives, and at most 1 inch metal blades, and flown by failed cessna pilots like experts into 3 of the targets, while the 4th airplane hit a field and left a crater but no debris.
The attack came as a total surprise to the Air Force and Norad, who never saw it coming, and remained blind to it all for a full hour until all planes hit their targets, with the final target being the greatest military command headquarters in the world.
Norad suddenly could not see airplanes if their transponders were switched off, thus proving active radar does not work after all. Somehow, despite being fully rated to take a full speed impact from the similarly sized and faster flying , both world trade center towers fell into their own footprints rather than off to the side in one direction because Arabs are magic and Allah was with them.
Her boss would never lie! So there you have it — the wackiest conspiracy story of all! Evidently, these Satanic psychos derive some perverse kick out of this ghoulish game of demonic deceit. This has been, for many people, myth. Resurrected from the dead:. Even these 4 parts should be enough to wake your sleeping zombie sheep, they prove Israel is raping the U.
Much of the super damning stuff is in the second half. After , Israeli companies tipped off perpetrators of to when the FBI, CIA an other American intelligence was onto them, so they could immediately change their identities and prevent the investigations from proceeding. If this does not by itself prove Israel did , I do not know what possibly could. Israeli companies tip off Israeli drug dealers to when American investigation efforts have pinned them down, and like the perpetrators of , the Israelis then provide even drug dealers with wire taps on the investigators in pursuit of them, to help them completely evade capture.
I really want people to consider this, I am not joking about it Take a look at this picture of the very large aircraft hitting the bridge in Taiwan. From this photo below I want you to again take a look at the road and the guard rail in the next photo. There is no trace of any damage anywhere else on the bridge whatsoever, so I want to once again ask a serious pointed question toward the Dimona tribe: If airplanes did the WTC, they would had to have had armor plated steel wings or they would have had to have had their wings packed with explosives from wing tip to wing tip, the size and flight parameters of the Taiwan plane were too close to the planes to have no damage to that bridge other than to a plastic piece on top of the guard rail if the planes really were as stated.
Obviously they were not when the Taiwan plane did absolutely no damage to anything solid on that bridge and the planes cut super strong solid steel beams in half and pulverized concrete to boot.
Airplanes really do come apart like aluminum foil when they hit anything solid at all, they fly because they are light and dainty and engineered to handle ONE THING: AIR, with which concrete and steel have no common traits. Even a bird can crash a jumbo jet for Gods sake! I have a boat load of other stuff I could put up, but why bother?
Either you know was a false flag psy op, or you are too stupid to be saved. The September 11th attacks were likely meant as a cover-up for financial crimes being investigated by the Office of Naval Intelligence ONI , whose offices in the Pentagon were destroyed on September 11th.
Hundreds of billions of dollars of government securities had to be destroyed. A critical mass of brokers from the major government security brokerages in the Twin Towers had to be eliminated to create chaos in the government securities market.
Abel Danger AD claims that the former junior U. Did Hillary die after leaving the Ceremony in New York. A whole slew of irregularities have cropped-up indicating that may actually be the case!
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